Category: Encyclopedias

Sea Life

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According to the standard view, God is able to bring about any metaphysically possible state of affairs. Despite these fundamental changes, the Muslim philosophers accepted the general cosmological scheme they had inherited from the Greek traditions. But Sextus, while remarking that “the skeptic school … is called ‘Pyrrhonian’ from the fact that Pyrrho seems to have taken up scepticism more thoroughly and conspicuously than any of his predecessors” (1.7), rarely mentions him by name elsewhere in his large oeuvre.

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The Kingfisher Dinosaur Encyclopedia

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This might be regarded as a reduction of universals to classes of particulars plus resemblances, but it can also be regarded as a supervenience thesis: Properties supervene on a basis consisting of resemblance and the domain of particulars. If we restrict ourselves to actual outcomes, then such frequencies will presumably be finite. Let Agent2 and Patient2 signify thematic relations, without worrying here about how to get beyond intuitive specifications of these relations, so that "x"y{$z[Hit3(x, y, z)] iff $z[Agent2(z, x) & Hitting1 (z) & Patient2(z, y)]}.

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Mother Nature Is Awesome (From Volcanoes To Earthquakes):

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Physicians who work for the armed services or as team physicians in organized sports can find themselves in the odd situation of patching someone up in order to have that person go back into battle or back onto the playing field only to risk more injury. Edmund Burke: The Enlightenment and Revolution. It is easy to see the incongruities in both sets of examples. With space limitation, the strategy is this: we will start with an examination of some reasoning patterns in the Mohist discourse and then raise a general issue about the due relation between two modes of reasoning; that is, deductive reasoning versus evocative reasoning, in view of Chinese philosophical practice.

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The New Encyclopedia of Science: 9-Volume-Set

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New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 251–71. Lange’s physiological interpretation of the categories was rejected by his neo-Kantian successors at Marburg, Hermann Cohen and Paul Natorp. The other four ways are but briefly suggested in the Summa Contra Gentiles. There is no dispensation from the natural law; its precepts are immutable. There has also been almost a revulsion from causal arguments, clearly influenced by ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY 2nd edition • 815 SENSA claim from “I see a tomato” to what he actually and directly sees or, rather, senses: “I see a red, round color patch.” THE PARTITIVE ARGUMENT.

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Space (Wonderful World of...)

Andrew Fraknoi

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Consider the book Smith placed on his nightstand last evening that went untouched until this evening, and the book he removed from his nightstand this evening. What holds for plants obviously holds for animals. Because individuals differ in terms of their needs—for example, one person is single, the other has children to support—the principle of fairness, right, or law according to which each is paid according to work performed results in inequality in real conditions of life.

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My First Sticker Encyclopedia - Sea Animals

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These negative results motivated in part the formulation of the atomic modal interpretation but can also be avoided by adopting Kochen’s perspectivalism, which implies that one accepts constraints on describing different systems simultaneously. Penelope Maddy’s (1997) and John Burgess’s and Gideon Rosen’s (1997) versions of naturalism defend a deferential attitude towards mathematics much like the one Quine shows toward science. Man as such is an animal—“man” names every person indifferently if it names any, and the question of naming which one (or ones) does not arise.

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Visual Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs

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Whereas the banality argument concedes that there may be knowledge, albeit of a threadbare sort, to be had from artworks, the next two arguments deny this possibility. Mental properties are identical with the physical properties picked out by disjunctive physical predicates, but their autonomy is secured by their participation in real regularities, and so they do have a unity of their own, despite being identical with disjunctive physical properties (Antony 2003).

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Bugs (Mini Encyclopedias)

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A further difference between the two thinkers is that Fiske, unlike Spencer, brought evolutionary philosophy to the defense of social conservatism, in the belief that inevitable progress obviated the need for radical social and religious change. Men cannot in the long run believe what is false not because truth extracts from them a categorical imperative in its own behalf but because reality compels men in spite of themselves, and it is from this that the authority of truth is derived. “Agree- ment with reality” as a criterion of truth cannot be taken to indicate any fixed structural relation (such as the “copying” relation).

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Extreme Animals

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The fundamental object of observation for ethics, goodness, is a nonnatural quality or entity, according to Moore, and thus is one that neither exists through parts of time nor presents itself through sensory experience. For instance, although scientific explanation is, in one form or another, common to all the sciences, conceptual questions about its nature and comparative questions about its logic in the different sciences belong to the philosophy of science.

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The Kingfisher Illustrated Dinosaur Encyclopedia

David Burnie

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It was a goal that grew more distant as the nineteenth century advanced. Some theories derive the content of morality entirely from such a conception of objective value—maintaining that morality emerges once we recognize the objective value and disvalue of the occurrence of all those things that are good or bad for individuals. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1972. Physical objects become a field of vision when light from them stimulates an organism through its eyes, just as grandparents become grandparents only when a grandchild is born.

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